Jean-Adam DUFFT, MD

Male 1758 - 1826  (~ 68 years)


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  • Name Jean-Adam DUFFT, MD 
    Suffix MD 
    Born May 1758  Stadtlengsfeld, Thuringen, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died 7 Nov 1826  Nicolet, Quebec, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I1829  FamilyWorld
    Last Modified 9 Nov 2012 

    Father Henry Heinrich DUFFT,   b. Abt 1735, Glasgow, Lanarkshire, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Mother Marguerite D'HAYDENDRAILLE,   b. Abt 1735,   d. Bef 1791  (Age ~ 55 years) 
    Married Abt 1756  Germany Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F1971  Group Sheet

    Family 1 Marie-Josephte ST. LOUIS, dit L'Allemand,   b. 10 Nov 1772, Becancour, Quebec, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 20 Apr 1797, Nicolet, Quebec, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 24 years) 
    Married 14 Feb 1791  Becancour, Quebec, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Marguerite Pelagie DUFFT,   b. 16 Jun 1792, Saint Marguerite, Nicolet, Quebec, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location
     2. Jean-Honare DUFFT,   b. 27 Feb 1793, Becancour, Quebec, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 2 Nov 1884, Saint-Germain-de-Grantham, Quebec, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 91 years)
     3. Fabien DUFFT,   b. 5 Jan 1795, Nicolet, Quebec, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. btw 1795 and 1810, Nicolet, Quebec, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location
     4. Charles DUFFT,   b. 23 Jan 1796, Becancour, Quebec, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 14 Feb 1881  (Age 85 years)
     5. Jean-Adam DUFFT,   b. 20 Apr 1797, Becancour, Quebec, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 20 Apr 1797, Becancour, Quebec, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 0 years)
    Family ID F1969  Group Sheet

    Family 2 Marie-Louise Rene de COTRET,   b. Abt 1777, Nicolet, Quebec, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married 22 Jan 1799  Nicolet, Quebec, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Antoinette DUFFT,   b. 19 Nov 1800, Nicolet, Quebec, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location
     2. Antoine DUFFT,   b. 18 Apr 1804, Nicolet, Quebec, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location
     3. Pelagie DUFFT,   b. 2 Dec 1806, Nicolet, Quebec, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location
     4. Calixte DUFFT,   b. 15 Oct 1813, Nicolet, Quebec, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location
    Family ID F6093  Group Sheet

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - May 1758 - Stadtlengsfeld, Thuringen, Germany Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 14 Feb 1791 - Becancour, Quebec, Canada Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 22 Jan 1799 - Nicolet, Quebec, Canada Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 7 Nov 1826 - Nicolet, Quebec, Canada Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Maps 
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Notes 
    • Of Becancour, Quebec, Canada. Jean-Adam Dufft (The "t" was dropped in later generations) was a physician and surgeon in the Germany army. He arrived in Canada from Lympt, Germany, about 1776. It is presumed that Jean-Adam came over with his parents, but this has not been verified. His name has also been spelled "Thofft" in German records.

      Latter Day Saints, IGI, entry, film # 1903907, Jean-Adam Dufft's birthplace is listed as Lynxfelt, Allemagne, Quebec. Allemagne is the French for Germany, so Jean-Adam was born in Germany and not in Quebec. Herve Duff Research letter of 20 Jan. 2000 places the location of birth at Lengsfeld/Stadtlengsfeld, Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach Grand Duchy, Germany, a region now in Thuringia, in the center of Germany. (formerly East Germany). German records lists his place of origin as either Eisenbach, Langfeld, or Langenfeld, Eischfeld. Eisenbach is a renowned city, Johann Sebastian Bach was born there, near the rural Eischfeld Region. Eichsfeld is an area just east of the Hessian border in Thuringia, and there is a Lengenfeld, appr. 12 km east of the Hessian city of Eschwege, but also another 15 km east just north-west of Muehlhausen/Thueringen is a Lengefeld.

      Jean-Adam Dufft came to Canada as a soldier in a German regiment, known as the Brunswickers, during the American Revolution. He is listed in the Personal Data Files of German Military Men in Canada - 1773 - 1783, compiled by Johannes Helmut Merz, Hessian Researcher and Historian of Hamilton, Ontario, as Adam Thofft from Langfeld/Eichsfeld, but in other sources he is known as Johann Adam Duff or Duft. He reported to the Von Specht Regiment, where he served as an apprentice surgeon. He probably did not participate in any battle, since after 1776, British (and German) soldiers stayed in Canada to defend it against the rebels (Americans). Battles had taken place in 1776 in Saratoga and Albany, New York, where the Germano-British army suffered severe defeats. About 10,000 soldiers were stationed in Canada, mainly in Quebec. Probably half of these were German.

      A German researcher who wrote an article on the Germans in Quebec (in German) wrote: "Former Surgeons Mate Johann Adam Duff received a licence to practice medicine as one of the first doctors in Canada, even though he did not understand some of the questions asked by the Examining Commission, probably because of the petition of the inhabitants of Baie du Feure, who wanted to keep him as their practitioner." (translated by John Helmut Merz).

      THE ORDER OF EXCELLENCE
      His Excellency Sir Robert Shore Milnes, Baronet and Lieutenant Governor of the Province of Lower Canada, Very humbly beseeches: John Adam Dufft of the parish of St. Antoine de la Baye du Fevre, in the County of Buckinghamshire, District of Trois Rivieres in the said province, is herewith bestowed with The Order of Excellence in the year 1779 for his dedicated service as Assistant Surgeon in the Sprecht Regiment which was employed in the Service of Our Very Gracious Sovereign, George Third in this Province. Signed by Sir Robert Shore Milnes.

      As peace was being concluded in 1783, Jean-Adam deserted his regiment and settled in Canada. The German records were precise; he deserted on July 15, 1783 at 25 years of age. The German troops departed from Quebec City in August, 1783.

      His marriage is recorded in the parish records of La Nativite (The Nativity) Becancour, Quebec. Record of marriage to Josephte St. LOUIS states he is from "de Lympt en Allemagne." Record of marriage to Louise COTTRET states: "allemande de nation, medecin" (German Nation, Doctor).

      One text records the names of the marriage as Marie Josephe St-Louis and Jean Adam Tutsit (sic). The writer suggests that the name may be a mispronunciation or a nickname (dit name?) for a short person, = tout petit >> tutsit.

      Following is a translation (by Adele Duff) of the church record for the marriage of Jean-Adam and Marie Josephte St. Louis, in the parish of La Nativite, Becancour, (received from Herve Duff en francais, Oct. 23,1999). "On the 14th day of February 1791, after the publication of three banns at three parish masses, ... marriage between Jean Adam Tutfft, native of Lynxfeld, [perhaps bad translation of Langfeld] Germany, son of Henry Tufft and the deceased Marguerite Dhaydendraille, his parents, doctor in this parish on the one part, and of Marie Josephte St. Louis, daughter of Joseph St. Louis, said to be of Germany, and of Marie Anne Sevigny, her parents, since we have found no impediments to this marriage, and with their mutual consent, we have given the nuptial blessing under the form prescribed by holy mother Church, and in the presence of these witnesses. Joseph Maillot, servant of the bride's father, Joseph Maillot, his son, Dominique Herbec, Antoine Perard, Charles Maillot, friends and witnesses of the spouses, Joseph St. Louis, her father, Joseph St. Louis, her brother, Etienne Sevigny, her uncle, Antoine Sevigny, her cousin, Gilles Hebert, a friend, several others who have witnessed their signatures. Signed Jean Adam Dufft, Gilles Hebert, B. Dubois, pastor. "

      Jean-Adam Dufft married second on January 22, 1799 in Nicolet (south of Trois-Rivières) Marie-Louise Cottret dit René, daughter of Louis and Marie-Michell Provencher.

      Jean-Adam practiced medicine in Becancour, Nicolet, and the area. According to German records, he was Lutheran (Evangelischen). He married in the Catholic Church, his children were all baptized Catholic and he is buried in the Catholic Church of Nicolet.

      Jean-Adam Dufft is buried at the Catholic Church of Nicolet, Quebec, according to the research records of Herve Duff, Montreal, Quebec.